Kidney Care/Renal Care


Kidney is one among the five  vital organs of your body. Although kidneys are small bean shaped organs but perform many powerful functions of your body. 

𝘒𝘪𝘥𝘯𝘦𝘺𝘴 𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘣𝘭𝘦 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘮𝘢𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘯𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘸𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘳 𝘣𝘢𝘭𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦, 𝘦𝘭𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘳𝘰𝘭𝘺𝘵𝘦 𝘣𝘢𝘭𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦, 𝘢𝘤𝘪𝘥-𝘣𝘢𝘴𝘦 𝘣𝘢𝘭𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦, 𝘦𝘹𝘤𝘳𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘰𝘧 𝘸𝘢𝘴𝘵𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘵𝘴 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘴𝘦𝘤𝘳𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘰𝘧 𝘴𝘰𝘮𝘦 𝘪𝘮𝘱𝘰𝘳𝘵𝘢𝘯𝘵 𝘩𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘰𝘯𝘦𝘴 𝘭𝘪𝘬𝘦 𝘦𝘳𝘺𝘵𝘩𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘰𝘪𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘯, 𝘵𝘩𝘳𝘰𝘮𝘣𝘰𝘱𝘰𝘪𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘯 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘳𝘦𝘯𝘪𝘯 𝘸𝘩𝘪𝘤𝘩 𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘣𝘭𝘦 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘙𝘉𝘊 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 (𝘦𝘳𝘺𝘵𝘩𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘰𝘪𝘦𝘴𝘪𝘴) 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘳𝘦𝘨𝘶𝘭𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘰𝘧 𝘣𝘭𝘰𝘰𝘥 𝘱𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘴𝘶𝘳𝘦.

There are various ways in which kidney can get damaged. 𝙳𝚒𝚊𝚋𝚎𝚝𝚎𝚜 𝚊𝚗𝚍 𝚑𝚢𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚝𝚎𝚗𝚜𝚒𝚘𝚗(𝘩𝘪𝘨𝘩 𝘣𝘭𝘰𝘰𝘥 𝘱𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘴𝘶𝘳𝘦) are the most common risk factors for kidney disease.

 👉𝘋𝘪𝘢𝘣𝘦𝘵𝘦𝘴: it's the biggest risk factor for kidney disease as about 80% of kidney damage occurs by diabetes. In diabetes sugar level rises in blood,due to high blood sugar elasticity of blood vessels decreases which causes them to narrow and leads to reduced supply of blood and oxygen thereby increases the risk of hypertension.

 👉𝘏𝘺𝘱𝘦𝘳𝘵𝘦𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘰𝘯 : it's second biggest risk factor for kidney disease as about 5-20% of kidney damage occurs by hypertension. Due to high blood pressure blood exerts more pressure against the walls of arterioles of nephrons(𝘧𝘶𝘯𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘶𝘯𝘪𝘵 𝘰𝘧 𝘬𝘪𝘥𝘯𝘦𝘺) and thus decreses the elasticity of arterioles. As metioned earlier kidneys have an important role in maintainence of blood pressure but when elasticity of arterioles of nephrons decreases , it fails to maintain blood pressure. So, keeping your blood pressure under control can help to prevent kidney disease or help it from getting worse. 𝘖𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘳 𝘳𝘪𝘴𝘬 𝘧𝘢𝘤𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘴 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘬𝘪𝘥𝘯𝘦𝘺 𝘥𝘪𝘴𝘦𝘢𝘴𝘦 𝘪𝘯𝘤𝘭𝘶𝘥𝘦 : Obesity, genetics, age, race/ethnicity and smoking.

 👉𝘖𝘣𝘦𝘴𝘪𝘵𝘺: obesity can directly affect the kidneys. Creatinine (𝘸𝘢𝘴𝘵𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘵 𝘰𝘧 𝘮𝘶𝘴𝘤𝘭𝘦 𝘮𝘦𝘵𝘢𝘣𝘰𝘭𝘪𝘴𝘮) is filtered by healthy kidneys and is eliminated in urine, but due to extra weight muscle metabolism increases and this will definitely make extra waste products which will put extra pressure on kidneys to work harder than normal. With time this extra work increases the risk of kidney damage.

 👉𝘎𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘤𝘴/𝘍𝘢𝘮𝘪𝘭𝘺 𝘩𝘪𝘴𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘺 :If someone in your family has history of kidney disease then you are prone to get it. So, knowing your family health history is an important step to know the risk of getting kidney disease.

 👉𝘈𝘨𝘦 :Kidneys are unable to make new nephrons.With age the function of your nephron decreases. So, people above the age of 60 years or older are more likely to have diabetes and hypertension which are the two biggest risk factors for kidney disease.

 👉𝘙𝘢𝘤𝘦/𝘌𝘵𝘩𝘯𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘵𝘺 : African Americans, Hispanics, Native American and Asian American are more likely to have kidney disease. It's proper cause is unknown however it may be due to diabetes and hypertension as 1 in 3 U. S adults are having hypertension.

𝙆𝙞𝙙𝙣𝙚𝙮 𝘿𝙞𝙚𝙩:A healthy diet can help to prevent kidney disease or getting kidney disease worse. This diet is often referred to as renal diet. It helps to boost kidney function while preventing further damage. It is commonly recommend that all people with kidney disease should restrict the following nutrients:

 👉𝚂𝚘𝚍𝚒𝚞𝚖: Excess sodium in your blood stream can lead to high blood pressure which can cause other problems, so it's necessary to limit sodium as damaged kidneys can't filter excess sodium .

 👉𝚙𝚘𝚝𝚊𝚜𝚜𝚒𝚞𝚖: Potassium plays many critical roles in your body but those with kidney disease need to limit potassium to avoid dangerously increased blood levels.

 👉𝙿𝚑𝚘𝚜𝚙𝚑𝚘𝚛𝚞𝚜: it's a mineral found in many foods. Damaged kidneys can't remove excess phosphorus and it's high levels can cause damage to your kidneys. So, you should limit phosphorus.

 👉𝙿𝚛𝚘𝚝𝚎𝚒𝚗:protein is another nutrient that people with kidney disease should limit as waste products of protein metabolism which are ammonia, urea, uric acid and creatinine can not be cleared by damaged kidneys. However, people with ESRD (𝘌𝘯𝘥 𝘴𝘵𝘢𝘨𝘦 𝘳𝘦𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘥𝘪𝘴𝘦𝘢𝘴𝘦) which are undergoing dialysis (𝘢 𝘵𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘵𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵 𝘵𝘩𝘢𝘵 𝘧𝘪𝘭𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘴 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘤𝘭𝘦𝘢𝘯𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘣𝘭𝘰𝘰𝘥) have greater protein needs as they lose approximately 1-2 grams of protein during each session of dialysis, more in high flux dialyzer . Egg white provide a high quality kidney- friendly source of protein.


 𝙁𝙚𝙬 𝙩𝙞𝙥𝙨 𝙩𝙤 𝙝𝙚𝙡𝙥 𝙠𝙚𝙚𝙥 𝙮𝙤𝙪𝙧 𝙠𝙞𝙙𝙣𝙚𝙮𝙨 𝙝𝙚𝙖𝙡𝙩𝙝𝙮

  • Do exercise daily
  • Limit your blood sugar 
  • Examine your blood pressure
  • Take vision towards your weight and take healthy diet.
  • Take plenty of fluids /water 
  • Avoid smoking 
  • Limit Nonprescription medicine / OTC(over-the-counter)
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Avoid soft drink beverages 
  • Do kidney tests if u feel any kidney related symptoms.